Volume 114, Number 3, May 2016
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Condensed Matter: Structural, Mechanical and Thermal Properties|
|Published online||27 May 2016|
Universality in the mean spatial shape of avalanches
CNRS-Laboratoire de Physique Théorique de l'Ecole Normale Supérieure, PSL Research University 24 rue Lhomond, 75231 Cedex 05, Paris, France
Received: 15 March 2016
Accepted: 13 May 2016
Quantifying the universality of avalanche observables beyond critical exponents is of current great interest in theory and experiments. Here, we compute the spatial shape of avalanches in the universality class of the depinning of elastic interfaces in random media. We provide for the first time an analytically tractable definition of the spatial shape, accessible in experiments, and study the mean spatial shape of avalanches at fixed size centered around their starting point (seed). We calculate the associated universal scaling functions, both in a mean-field model and beyond. Notably, they are predicted to exhibit a cusp singularity near the seed. The results are in good agreement with a numerical simulation of an elastic line.
PACS: 64.60.av – Cracks, sandpiles, avalanches, and earthquakes / 05.40.-a – Fluctuation phenomena, random processes, noise, and Brownian motion / 05.10.Cc – Renormalization group methods
© EPLA, 2016
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