Volume 114, Number 4, May 2016
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Physics of Gases, Plasmas and Electric Discharges|
|Published online||13 June 2016|
Generation and characterization of warm dense matter isochorically heated by laser-induced relativistic electrons in a wire target
1 Goethe-Universität Frankfurt - D-60438 Frankfurt am Main, Germany
2 Univ. Bordeaux, CNRS, CEA, CELIA (Centre Lasers Intenses et Applications), UMR 5107 F-33405 Talence, France
3 Joint Institute for High Temperatures RAS - Moscow 125412, Russia
4 National Research Nuclear University MEPhI - Moscow 115409, Russia
5 Dipartimento SBAI, Università degli studi di Roma “La Sapienza” - Rome, Italy
6 CEA DAM DIF - F-91297 Arpajon, France
7 Institute of Physics ASCR, v.v.i (FZU), ELI-Beamlines project - Prague, Czech Republic
8 ETSI Aeronauticos, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid - Madrid, Spain
9 GSI - Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung GmbH - D-64291 Darmstadt, Germany
Received: 1 March 2016
Accepted: 23 May 2016
We studied the interaction of a high-intensity laser with mass-limited Ti-wires. The laser was focused up to , with contrast of to produce relativistic electrons. High-spatial-resolution X-ray spectroscopy was used to measure isochoric heating induced by hot electrons propagating along the wire up to 1 mm depth. For the first time it was possible to distinguish surface target regions heated by mixed plasma mechanisms from those heated only by the hot electrons that generate warm dense matter with temperatures up to 50 eV. Our results are compared to simulations that highlight both the role of electron confinement inside the wire and the importance of resistive stopping powers in warm dense matter.
PACS: 52.50.Jm – Plasma production and heating by laser beams (laser-foil, laser-cluster, etc.) / 52.25.Fi – Transport properties / 52.25.Mq – Dielectric properties
© EPLA, 2016
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