Volume 115, Number 4, August 2016
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||28 September 2016|
Inhomogeneous quenches in a free fermionic chain: Exact results
1 Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems - Nöthnitzer Str. 38, 01187 Dresden, Germany
2 ECT & Instituto Internacional de Fisica, UFRN - Lagoa Nova 59078-970 Natal, Brazil
3 Groupe de Physique Statistique, IJL, CNRS/UMR 7198, Université de Lorraine - BP 70239, F-54506 Vandœuvre-lès-Nancy Cedex, France
4 Department of Mathematical Physics, National University of Ireland - Maynooth, Ireland
Received: 6 May 2016
Accepted: 1 September 2016
We consider the non-equilibrium physics induced by joining together two tight-binding fermionic chains to form a single chain. Before being joined, each chain is in a many-fermion ground state. The fillings (densities) in the two chains might be different. We present a number of exact results, focusing on two-point correlators and the Loschmidt echo (return probability). For the non-interacting case, we identify through an exact derivation the regime in which a semiclassical ansatz is valid. We present a number of analytical results beyond semiclassics, such as the approach to the non-equilibrium steady state and the appearance of Tracy-Widom distributions at the front of the light cone. The light cone behavior is quantified through a series expansion in time, and this description is shown to be valid for interacting systems as well. Results on the Loschmidt echo, presented for finite and zero interactions, illustrate that the physics is different from both local and global quenches.
PACS: 05.60.Gg – Quantum transport
© EPLA, 2016
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