Volume 115, Number 4, August 2016
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Condensed Matter: Electronic Structure, Electrical, Magnetic and Optical Properties|
|Published online||28 September 2016|
Signature of a topological phase transition in long SN junctions in the spin-polarized density of states
1 Institut de Physique Théorique, CEA/Saclay - Orme des Merisiers, 91190 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France
2 Department of Physics and Astronomy, Michigan State University - East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
3 Laboratoire de Physique des Solides, UMR 8502 - Bât. 510, 91405 Orsay Cedex, France
Received: 22 June 2016
Accepted: 9 September 2016
We investigate the spin texture of Andreev bound states and Majorana states in long SN junctions. We show that measuring the spin-polarized density of states (SPDOS) allows one to identify the topological transition. In particular, we find that its total component parallel to the wire is non-zero in the topological phase for the lowest-energy state, while vanishing in the trivial one. Also, the component parallel to the Zeeman field is symmetric between positive and negative energies in the topological phase and asymmetric in the trivial phase. Moreover, the SPDOS exhibits a moderate accumulation close to the SN boundary which changes sign when crossing the topological transition. We propose that these signatures may allow one to unambiguously test the formation of a topological phase via spin-resolved transport and STM measurements.
PACS: 74.45.+c – Proximity effects; Andreev reflection; SN and SNS junctions / 73.20.-r – Electron states at surfaces and interfaces / 71.70.Ej – Spin-orbit coupling, Zeeman and Stark splitting, Jahn-Teller effect
© EPLA, 2016
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