Volume 115, Number 6, September 2016
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Physics of Gases, Plasmas and Electric Discharges|
|Published online||24 October 2016|
Observation of interspecies ion separation in inertial-confinement-fusion implosions
1 Los Alamos National Laboratory - Los Alamos, NM 87545, USA
2 Physics Department, University of Nevada - Reno, NV 89557, USA
Received: 9 August 2016
Accepted: 5 October 2016
We report direct experimental evidence of interspecies ion separation in direct-drive, inertial-confinement-fusion experiments on the OMEGA laser facility. These experiments, which used plastic capsules with D2/Ar gas fill (1% Ar by atom), were designed specifically to reveal interspecies ion separation by exploiting the predicted, strong ion thermo-diffusion between ion species of large mass and charge difference. Via detailed analyses of imaging x-ray-spectroscopy data, we extract Ar-atom-fraction radial profiles at different times, and observe both enhancement and depletion compared to the initial 1%-Ar gas fill. The experimental results are interpreted with radiation-hydrodynamic simulations that include recently implemented, first-principles models of interspecies ion diffusion. The experimentally inferred Ar-atom-fraction profiles agree reasonably, but not exactly, with calculated profiles associated with the incoming and rebounding first shock.
PACS: 52.57.-z – Laser inertial confinement / 52.25.Fi – Transport properties / 52.65.-y – Plasma simulation
© EPLA, 2016
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