Volume 116, Number 1, October 2016
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||The Physics of Elementary Particles and Fields|
|Published online||18 November 2016|
Dual QCD, confinement potential and thermal effects
Centre of Advanced Study, Department of Physics, Kumaun University - Nainital-263001, India
Received: 3 August 2016
Accepted: 25 October 2016
Based on the topological structure of non-Abelian gauge theories, a dual QCD gauge formulation has been developed in terms of magnetic symmetry, which manifests the topological structure of the symmetry group in a non-trivial way. The dynamical configuration of the resulting dual QCD vacuum and its flux tube configuration have been investigated for analyzing the non-perturbative features of QCD. Utilizing the dual QCD Lagrangian in the dynamically broken phase of magnetic symmetry and applying Zwanziger formalism, the non-perturbative gluon propagator has been derived and used to extract the quark confining potential for both quenched and full QCD. The quenched confining mechanism is responsible for linear confinement and points towards the permanent confinement of the colored quarks inside the hadrons. In full QCD due to light-quark polarization the quark-antiquark potential automatically screens signaling the instability in the flux tube at large inter-quark distances and such screening increases with the increase of infrared cutoff. Using the partition function approach alongwith the mean-field treatment for the QCD monopole field the thermal response of the QCD vacuum has been analyzed by deriving the finite-temperature form of quark confining potential. A continuous vanishing of the associated string tension has been observed in the vicinity of critical temperature, which, in turn, leads to the restoration of magnetic symmetry in the domain of high temperatures and signals the onset of second-order deconfinement phase transition.
PACS: 12.38.Aw – General properties of QCD (dynamics, confinement, etc.) / 12.38.-t – Quantum chromodynamics
© EPLA, 2016
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