Volume 116, Number 1, October 2016
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Published online||22 November 2016|
Sudden jumps and plateaus in the quench dynamics of a Bloch state
1 Fujian Provincial Key Laboratory of Quantum Manipulation and New Energy Materials, College of Physics and Energy, Fujian Normal University - Fuzhou 350007, China
2 Fujian Provincial Collaborative Innovation Center for Optoelectronic Semiconductors and Efficient Devices Xiamen, 361005, China
3 School of Physics, Northeast Normal University - Changchun 130024, China
Received: 25 August 2016
Accepted: 2 November 2016
We take a one-dimensional tight-binding chain with periodic boundary condition and put a particle in an arbitrary Bloch state, then quench it by suddenly changing the potential of an arbitrary site. In the ensuing time evolution, the probability density of the wave function at an arbitrary site jumps indefinitely between plateaus. This phenomenon adds to a former one in which the survival probability of the particle in the initial Bloch state shows cusps periodically, which was found in the same scenario (Zhang J. M. and Yang H.-T., EPL, 114 (2016) 60001). The plateaus support the scattering wave picture of the quench dynamics of the Bloch state. Underlying the cusps and jumps is the exactly solvable, nonanalytic dynamics of a Luttinger-like model, based on which, the locations of the jumps and the heights of the plateaus are accurately predicted.
PACS: 03.65.-w – Quantum mechanics
© EPLA, 2016
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