Volume 116, Number 2, October 2016
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||28 November 2016|
Donors in Ge as qubits —Establishing physical attributes
Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro - C.P. 68528, 21941-972 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Received: 15 September 2016
Accepted: 10 November 2016
Quantum electronic devices at the single-impurity level demand the understanding of the physical attributes of dopants with an unprecedented accuracy. Germanium-based technologies have been developed recently, creating the necessity to adapt the latest theoretical tools to the unique electronic structure of this material. We investigate basic properties of donors in Ge which are not known experimentally, but are indispensable for qubit implementations. Our approach provides a description of the wave function at multiscale, associating microscopic information from density functional theory and envelope functions from state-of-the-art multivalley effective mass calculations, including a central-cell correction designed to reproduce the energetics of all group-V donor species (P, As, Sb and Bi). With this formalism, we predict the binding energies of negatively ionized donors ( state). Furthermore, we investigate the signatures of buried donors to be expected from scanning tunneling microscopy (STM). The naive assumption that attributes of donor electrons in other semiconductors may be extrapolated to Ge is shown to fail, similarly to earlier attempts to recreate in Si qubits designed for GaAs. Our results suggest that the mature techniques available for qubit realizations may be adapted to germanium to some extent, but the peculiarities of the Ge band structure will demand new ideas for fabrication and control.
PACS: 03.67.Lx – Quantum computation architectures and implementations / 73.22.Dj – Single particle states / 07.79.Cz – Scanning tunneling microscopes
© EPLA, 2016
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