Volume 116, Number 3, November 2016
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Interdisciplinary Physics and Related Areas of Science and Technology|
|Published online||19 December 2016|
Record dynamics: Direct experimental evidence from jammed colloids
1 Department of Physics, Emory University - Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
2 FKF, Syddansk Universitet - DK5230 Odense M, Denmark
3 School of Physics, Georgia Institute of Technology - Atlanta, GA 30332, USA
Received: 30 September 2016
Accepted: 30 November 2016
In a broad class of complex materials a quench leads to a multi-scaled relaxation process known as aging. To explain its commonality and the astounding insensitivity to most microscopic details, record dynamics (RD) posits that a small set of increasingly rare and irreversible events, so-called quakes, controls the dynamics. While key predictions of RD are known to concur with a number of experimental and simulational results, its basic assumption on the nature of quake statistics has proven extremely difficult to verify experimentally. The careful distinction of rare (“record”) cage-breaking events from in-cage rattle accomplished in previous experiments on jammed colloids, enables us to extract the first direct experimental evidence for the fundamental hypothesis of RD that the rate of quakes decelerates with the inverse of the system age. The resulting description shows the predicted growth of the particle mean square displacement and of a mesoscopic lengthscale with the logarithm of time.
PACS: 82.70.Dd – Colloids / 05.40.-a – Fluctuation phenomena, random processes, noise, and Brownian motion / 64.70.pv – Colloids
© EPLA, 2016
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