Volume 116, Number 5, December 2016
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Published online||19 January 2017|
Approximated integrability of the Dicke model
1 Departamento de Física Aplicada I and GISC, Universidad Complutense de Madrid - Av. Complutense s/n, 28040 Madrid, Spain
2 Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México - Apdo. Postal 70-543 C.P. 04510 Cd. Mx., México
3 Facultad de Física, Universidad Veracruzana - Circuito Aguirre Beltrán s/n, C.P. 91000 Xalapa, México
Received: 8 November 2016
Accepted: 2 January 2017
A very approximate second integral of motion of the Dicke model is identified within a broad energy region above the ground state, and for a wide range of values of the external parameters. This second integral, obtained from a Born-Oppenheimer approximation, classifies the whole regular part of the spectrum in bands, coming from different semi-classical energy surfaces, and labelled by its corresponding eigenvalues. Results obtained from this approximation are compared with exact numerical diagonalization for finite systems in the superradiant phase, obtaining a remarkable accord. The region of validity of our approach in the parameter space, which includes the resonant case, is unveiled. The energy range of validity goes from the ground state up to a certain upper energy where chaos sets in, and extends far beyond the range of applicability of a simple harmonic approximation around the minimal energy configuration. The upper energy validity limit increases for larger values of the coupling constant and the ratio between the level splitting and the frequency of the field. These results show that the Dicke model behaves like a two-degree-of-freedom integrable model for a wide range of energies and values of the external parameters.
PACS: 03.65.Sq – Semiclassical theories and applications / 02.30.Ik – Integrable systems / 42.50.Pq – Cavity quantum electrodynamics; micromasers
© EPLA, 2016
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