Volume 116, Number 6, December 2016
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Electromagnetism, Optics, Acoustics, Heat Transfer, Classical Mechanics, and Fluid Dynamics|
|Published online||16 February 2017|
Wave turbulence in a two-layer fluid: Coupling between free surface and interface waves
1 Université Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, MSC, UMR 7057 CNRS - F-75013 Paris, France
2 Univ Lyon, Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, CNRS, Institut Lumière Matière F-69622, Villeurbanne, France
Received: 23 September 2016
Accepted: 23 January 2017
We experimentally study gravity-capillary wave turbulence on the interface between two immiscible fluids of close density with free upper surface. We locally measure the wave height at the interface between both fluids by means of a highly sensitive laser Doppler vibrometer. We show that the inertial range of the capillary wave turbulence regime is significantly extended when the upper fluid depth is increased: The crossover frequency between the gravity and capillary wave turbulence regimes is found to decrease whereas the dissipative cut-off frequency of the spectrum is found to increase. We explain these observations by the progressive decoupling between waves propagating at the interface and the ones at the free surface, using the full dispersion relation of gravity-capillary waves in a two-layer fluid of finite depths. The cut-off evolution is due to the disappearance of parasitic capillaries responsible for the main wave dissipation for a single fluid.
PACS: 47.35.-i – Hydrodynamic waves / 47.27.-i – Turbulent flows / 47.55.-t – Multiphase and stratified flows
© EPLA, 2016
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