Volume 117, Number 5, March 2017
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Section||Geophysics, Astronomy and Astrophysics|
|Published online||02 May 2017|
Gravitational deflection in relativistic Newtonian dynamics
Jerusalem College of Technology - Jerusalem, Israel
Received: 21 March 2017
Accepted: 13 April 2017
In a recent series of papers, the authors introduced a new Relativistic Newtonian Dynamics (RND) and tested its validity by the accurate prediction of the gravitational time dilation, the anomalous precession of Mercury, the periastron advance of any binary and the Shapiro time delay. This dynamics incorporates the influence of potential energy on spacetime in Newtonian dynamics and, unlike Einstein's General Relativity, treats gravity as a force without the need to curve spacetime. In this paper, this dynamics is applied to derive the gravitational deflection of both objects with non-zero mass and of massless particles passing the strong gravitating field of a massive body. Equations for the trajectory and the resulting analytical expressions for the deflection angle, in terms of the distance and velocity at the point of closest approach to the massive object, were derived in both cases. It is shown that with a carefully defined limit, the trajectory of a massless particle is the limiting case of that of an object with non-zero mass. In the “weak” deflection limit, the derived expression for the deflection angle of a massless particle (photon) reproduces the experimentally tested Einstein's formula for weak gravitational lensing of a light ray, thereby providing another test for the validity of the RND.
PACS: 95.30.Sf – Relativity and gravitation / 95.10.Eg – Orbit determination and improvement / 98.62.Sb – Gravitational lenses and luminous arcs
© EPLA, 2017
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.