Volume 117, Number 6, March 2017
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Published online||24 May 2017|
Phase diagram of disordered two-dimensional extended Bose-Hubbard model
Key Laboratory of Atomic and Molecular Physics and Functional Materials of Gansu Province, College of Physics and Electronic Engineering, Northwest Normal University - Lanzhou 730070, PRC
Received: 18 January 2017
Accepted: 26 April 2017
By using the inhomogeneous mean-field theory, the phase diagram of the two-dimensional soft-core extended Bose-Hubbard model with both on-site and nearest-neighbor interactions in the presence of spatial disorder is determined. Rich phases, including Mott-insulator, checkerboard solid, supersolid, superfluid and disordered solid are obtained. Interestingly, due to the presence of disorder, a new disordered solid phase is found between the incompressible lobes, and it is demonstrated that the supersolid phase can survive in two-dimensional soft-core bosons. Furthermore, the system undergoes the phase transition from a disordered solid into a solid order or supersolid landscape when the disorder strength is increased. For weak nearest-neighbor repulsion, the increase of the disorder strength induces both checkerboard solid and supersolid phases shrinking to smaller hopping regions. However, for strong nearest-neighbor repulsion, the disorder stabilizes the supersolid phase and makes it occupying a remarkably broad region in the phase diagram. The analytical expressions for the phase boundaries between the incompressible and compressible phases are also obtained, which are in qualitative agreement with our numerical results.
PACS: 03.75.Hh – Static properties of condensates; thermodynamical, statistical, and structural properties / 05.30.Jp – Boson systems / 03.75.Kk – Dynamic properties of condensates; collective and hydrodynamic excitations, superfluid flow
© EPLA, 2017
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