Volume 117, Number 6, March 2017
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics|
|Published online||24 May 2017|
Polarization-dependent tuning of the Hanle effect in the ground state of Cs
Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Science - Bangalore, 560012, India
Received: 11 April 2017
Accepted: 4 May 2017
We demonstrate that the Hanle effect can be tuned between magnetically induced absorption (MIA) and magnetically induced transmission (MIT) simply by changing the polarization of the input laser beam. The experiments are done using closed hyperfine transitions of the D2 line of 133Cs —Fg = 3 → Fe = 2 and Fg = 4 → Fe = 5. The former shows a transformation from MIT to MIA, while the latter shows the opposite behavior. A qualitative explanation based on optical pumping and coherences among the magnetic sublevels of the ground state is borne out by a detailed density-matrix calculation. To increase the coherence time, the experiments are done in a Cs vapor cell with paraffin coating on the walls. The observed linewidth is extremely narrow (∼ 0.1 mG) compared to previous work in this area, making this a promising technique for all kinds of precision measurements.
PACS: 33.57.+c – Magneto-optical and electro-optical spectra and effects / 42.50.Gy – Effects of atomic coherence on propagation, absorption, and amplification of light; electromagnetically induced transparency and absorption / 32.80.Xx – Level crossing and optical pumping
© EPLA, 2017
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