Volume 118, Number 5, June 2017
|Number of page(s)
|Electromagnetism, Optics, Acoustics, Heat Transfer, Classical Mechanics, and Fluid Dynamics
|10 August 2017
Theoretical prediction of Reynolds stresses and velocity profiles for barotropic turbulent jets
Univ Lyon, Ens de Lyon, Univ Claude Bernard, CNRS, Laboratoire de Physique - F-69342 Lyon, France
Received: 5 April 2017
Accepted: 4 July 2017
It is extremely uncommon to be able to predict the velocity profile of a turbulent flow. In two-dimensional flows, atmosphere dynamics, and plasma physics, large-scale coherent jets are created through inverse energy transfers from small scales to the largest scales of the flow. We prove that in the limits of vanishing energy injection, vanishing friction, and small-scale forcing, the velocity profile of a jet obeys an equation independently of the details of the forcing. We find another general relation for the maximal curvature of a jet and we give strong arguments to support the existence of a hydrodynamic instability at the point with minimal jet velocity. Those results are the first computations of Reynolds stresses and self-consistent velocity profiles from the turbulent dynamics, and the first consistent analytic theory of zonal jets in barotropic turbulence.
PACS: 47.27.eb – Statistical theories and models / 47.27.wg – Turbulent jets / 47.10.-g – General theory in fluid dynamics
© EPLA, 2017
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