Volume 118, Number 6, June 2017
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Interdisciplinary Physics and Related Areas of Science and Technology|
|Published online||04 September 2017|
Surface wettability of an atomically heterogeneous system and the resulting intermolecular forces
1 Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology - Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, 208016, India
2 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology - Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, 208016, India
Received: 8 February 2017
Accepted: 28 July 2017
We present the effect of 0.5 keV Ar+ beam irradiation on the wetting properties of metallic thin films. Observations reveal a transition from hydrophilic to hydrophobic nature at higher beam fluences which can be attributed to a reduction in net surface free energy. In this low-energy regime, ion beams do not induce significant surface roughness and chemical heterogeneity. However, they cause implantation of atomic impurities in the near surface region of the target and thus form a heterogeneous system at atomic length scales. Interestingly, the presence of implanted Ar atoms in the near surface region modifies the dispersive intermolecular interaction near the surface but induces no chemical modification due to their inert nature. On this basis, we have developed a theoretical model consistent with the experimental observations that reproduces the effective Hamaker constant with a reasonable accuracy.
PACS: 81.65.-b – Surface treatments / 68.08.Bc – Wetting / 68.35.Np – Adhesion
© EPLA, 2017
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