Volume 118, Number 6, June 2017
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Published online||04 September 2017|
From quantum coherence to quantum correlations
Academy of Mathematics and Systems Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences - Beijing 100190, China and School of Mathematical Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences - Beijing 100049, China
Received: 16 June 2017
Accepted: 14 August 2017
In quantum mechanics, quantum coherence of a state relative to a quantum measurement can be identified with the quantumness that has to be destroyed by the measurement. In particular, quantum coherence of a bipartite state relative to a local quantum measurement encodes quantum correlations in the state. If one takes minimization with respect to the local measurements, then one is led to quantifiers which capture quantum correlations from the perspective of coherence. In this vein, quantum discord, which quantifies the minimal correlations that have to be destroyed by quantum measurements, can be identified as the minimal coherence, with the coherence measured by the relative entropy of coherence. To advocate and formulate this idea in a general context, we first review coherence relative to Lüders measurements which extends the notion of coherence relative to von Neumann measurements (or equivalently, orthonomal bases), and highlight the observation that quantum discord arises as minimal coherence through two prototypical examples. Then, we introduce some novel measures of quantum correlations in terms of coherence, illustrate them through examples, investigate their fundamental properties and implications, and indicate their applications to quantum metrology.
PACS: 03.67.-a – Quantum information / 03.65.Ta – Foundations of quantum mechanics; measurement theory
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