Volume 119, Number 3, August 2017
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Interdisciplinary Physics and Related Areas of Science and Technology|
|Published online||23 October 2017|
Scaling of transmission capacities in coarse-grained renewable electricity networks
1 Department of Engineering, Aarhus University - Inge Lehmanns Gade 10, 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark
2 Department of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus University - Ny Munkegade 120, 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark
Received: 9 August 2017
Accepted: 18 September 2017
Network models of large-scale electricity systems feature only a limited spatial resolution, either due to lack of data or in order to reduce the complexity of the problem with respect to numerical calculations. In such cases, both the network topology, the load and the generation patterns below a given spatial scale are aggregated into representative nodes. This coarse-graining affects power flows and thus the resulting transmission needs of the system. We derive analytical scaling laws for measures of network transmission capacity and cost in coarse-grained renewable electricity networks. For the cost measure only a very weak scaling with the spatial resolution of the system is found. The analytical results are shown to describe the scaling of the transmission infrastructure measures for a simplified, but data-driven and spatially detailed model of the European electricity system with a high share of fluctuating renewable generation.
PACS: 89.20.-a – Interdisciplinary applications of physics / 89.75.Da – Systems obeying scaling laws / 89.75.Hc – Networks and genealogical trees
© EPLA, 2017
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