Volume 119, Number 3, August 2017
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Electromagnetism, Optics, Acoustics, Heat Transfer, Classical Mechanics, and Fluid Dynamics|
|Published online||17 October 2017|
Quantum theory of structured monochromatic light
1 Department of Physics, City College of the City University of New York - New York, NY 10031, USA
2 Institute for Ultrafast Spectroscopy and Lasers, Department of Physics, City College of the City University of New York - New York, NY 10031, USA
Received: 27 September 2017
Accepted: 28 September 2017
Applications that envisage utilizing the orbital angular momentum (OAM) at the single photon level assume that the OAM degrees of freedom of the photons are orthogonal. To test this critical assumption, we quantize the beam-like solutions of the vector Helmholtz equation from first principles. We show that although the photon operators of a diffracting monochromatic beam do not in general satisfy the canonical commutation relations, implying that the photon states in Fock space are not orthogonal, the states are bona fide eigenstates of the number and Hamiltonian operators. As a result, the representation for the photon operators presented in this work form a natural basis to study structured monochromatic light at the single photon level.
PACS: 42.50.Tx – Optical angular momentum and its quantum aspects
© EPLA, 2017
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.