Volume 119, Number 6, September 2017
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Condensed Matter: Structural, Mechanical and Thermal Properties|
|Published online||06 December 2017|
Surface elastic properties in silicon nanoparticles
1 Department of Physics, University of Cagliari, Cittadella Universitaria - I-09042 Monserrato (CA), Italy
2 Institute of Electronics, Microelectronics and Nanotechnology - UMR 8520, LIA LICS, Univ. Lille, CNRS, Centrale Lille, ISEN, Univ. Valenciennes - F-59000 Lille, France
Received: 23 June 2017
Accepted: 15 November 2017
The elastic behavior of the external surface of a solid body plays a key role in nanomechanical phenomena. While bulk elasticity enjoys the benefits of a robust theoretical understanding, many surface elasticity features remain unexplored: some of them are here addressed by blending together continuum elasticity and atomistic simulations. A suitable readdressing of the surface elasticity theory allows to write the balance equations in arbitrary curvilinear coordinates and to investigate the dependence of the surface elastic parameters on the mean and Gaussian curvatures of the surface. In particular, we predict the radial strain induced by surface effects in spherical and cylindrical silicon nanoparticles and provide evidence that the surface parameters are nearly independent of curvatures and, therefore, of the surface conformation.
PACS: 68.35.-p – Solid surfaces and solid-solid interfaces: structure and energetics / 62.20.D- – Elasticity / 68.35.Gy – Mechanical properties; surface strains
© EPLA, 2017
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