Volume 120, Number 1, October 2017
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Condensed Matter: Electronic Structure, Electrical, Magnetic and Optical Properties|
|Published online||29 December 2017|
Skyrmion clusters from Bloch lines in ferromagnetic films
1 Physics Department, Herbert H. Lehman College and Graduate School, The City University of New York 250 Bedford Park Boulevard West, Bronx, NY 10468-1589, USA
2 Physical Science and Engineering Division, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) Thuwal 23995-6900, Saudi Arabia
Received: 18 June 2017
Accepted: 19 November 2017
Conditions under which various skyrmion objects emerge in experiments on thin magnetic films remain largely unexplained. We investigate numerically centrosymmetric spin lattices in films of finite thickness with ferromagnetic exchange, magnetic anisotropy, and dipole-dipole interaction. Evolution of labyrinth domains into compact topological structures on application of the magnetic field is found to be governed by the configuration of Bloch lines inside domain walls. Depending on the combination of Bloch lines, the magnetic domains evolve into individual skyrmions, biskyrmions, or more complex topological objects. While the geometry of such objects is sensitive to the parameters, their topological charge is uniquely determined by the topological charge of Bloch lines inside the magnetic domain from which the object emerges.
PACS: 75.70.Ak – Magnetic properties of monolayers and thin films / 75.70.Kw – Domain structure (including magnetic bubbles and vortices) / 12.39.Dc – Skyrmions
© EPLA, 2017
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