Volume 120, Number 3, November 2017
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Published online||19 January 2018|
Bright-dark solitons for a set of the general coupled nonlinear Schrödinger equations in a birefringent fiber
State Key Laboratory of Information Photonics and Optical Communications, and School of Science, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications - Beijing 100876, China
Received: 6 November 2017
Accepted: 8 December 2017
Under investigation in this paper is the coupled nonlinear Schrödinger equations with the four-wave mixing term, which describe the optical solitons in a birefringent fiber. Via the Kadomtsev-Petviashvili hierarchy reduction, we obtain the N-bright-dark soliton solutions in terms of the Gram determinant. Propagation and interaction of the solitons corresponding to the electric fields in the two orthogonal polarizations are discussed and presented graphically. We find that the one bright-dark soliton possesses the periodic oscillation and exhibits the breather-like profile, which is different from that in the previous literature. Besides, for the one soliton, we observe that the larger velocity leads to the fiercer oscillation. Elastic interactions including the head-on and overtaking interactions between the two bright-dark solitons are demonstrated. Particularly, we find the oblique inelastic interaction between the two bright-dark solitons, which possess the V-shape profile in the zero background component and the Y-shape profile in the nonzero background component. Besides, we present two cases of the bound-state solitons. For the one case, the two solitons interact with each other all the time along a direction and for the other case, the resonance phenomenon is raised.
PACS: 05.45.Yv – Solitons / 04.30.Nk – Wave propagation and interactions / 02.70.Wz – Symbolic computation (computer algebra)
© EPLA, 2018
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