Volume 120, Number 5, December 2017
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Published online||26 February 2018|
Accumulation of bosons between fermions due to the Pauli exclusion principle
1 Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences Beijing 100190, China
2 School of Physical Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences - Beijing 100049, China
3 Intense Laser Physics Theory Unit and Department of Physics, Illinois State University Normal, IL 61790-4560 USA
Received: 15 September 2017
Accepted: 3 February 2018
We examine the quantum field theoretical impact of the Pauli exclusion principle on the formation of the ground state of two fermions that are coupled with each other through the interaction with bosons. As expected, in case where the two fermions are indistinguishable, their binding strength due to the force-mediating bosons is reduced and their spatial distribution in the ground state is wider compared to the corresponding state for the distinguishable particles. Surprisingly, the spatial distribution of the bosons in the ground states is even fundamentally different for both systems. In fact, the Pauli exclusion principle leads to a strong accumulation of the bosons between the two fermions.
PACS: 03.70.+k – Theory of quantized fields / 03.65.Aa – Quantum systems with finite Hilbert space / 03.65.Ta – Foundations of quantum mechanics; measurement theory
© EPLA, 2018
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