Volume 121, Number 3, February 2018
|Number of page(s)
|Condensed Matter: Electronic Structure, Electrical, Magnetic and Optical Properties
|03 April 2018
Kink confinement in the antiferromagnetic XXZ spin-(1/2) chain in a weak staggered magnetic field
Received: 30 November 2017
Accepted: 11 March 2018
The Heisenberg XXZ spin-(1/2) chain is considered in the massive antiferromagnetic regime in the presence of a staggered longitudinal magnetic field. The Hamiltonian of the model is characterised by the anisotropy parameter and by the magnetic-field strength h. At zero magnetic field, the model is exactly solvable. In the thermodynamic limit, it has two degenerate vacua and the kinks (which are also called spinons) interpolating between these vacua, as elementary excitations. Application of the staggered magnetic field breaks integrability of the model and induces the long-range attractive potential between two adjacent kinks leading to their confinement into the bound states. The energy spectra of the resulting two-kink bound states are perturbatively calculated in the extreme anisotropic (Ising) limit to the first order in the inverse anisotropy constant , and also for any to the first order in the weak magnetic field h.
PACS: 75.10.Pq – Spin chain models / 78.47.da – Excited states / 75.50.Ee – Antiferromagnetics
© EPLA, 2018
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