Volume 121, Number 3, February 2018
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Geophysics, Astronomy and Astrophysics|
|Published online||06 April 2018|
Dynamical dark energy vs. Λ = const in light of observations
Departament de Física Quàntica i Astrofísica, and Institute of Cosmos Sciences, Universitat de Barcelona Av. Diagonal 647, E-08028 Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
Received: 10 January 2018
Accepted: 20 March 2018
After about two decades of the first observational papers confirming the accelerated expansion of the universe, we are still facing the question whether the cause of it is a rigid cosmological constant Λ-term or a mildly evolving dynamical dark energy (DDE). While studies focusing mainly on CMB measurements do not perceive signs of physics beyond the ΛCDM, in this work we show that if we take a large string SNIa+BAO+H(z)+LSS+CMB of modern cosmological observations, in which not only the CMB but also a rich sample of large-scale structure formation data are included, one can extract signs of DDE using a simple XCDM parameterization. These signs can be enhanced up to near in the context of the running vacuum model (RVM), in which the vacuum energy density is in interaction with dark matter. Recently, the RVM has been shown to provide an efficient and economical solution to the -tension, which is one of the intriguing phenomenological problems that has not been possible to solve within the ΛCDM so far. This fact contributes to strengthen the possibility that dynamical vacuum energy, or in general DDE, could be presently favored by the observations.
PACS: 98.80.-k – Cosmology / 95.36.+x – Dark energy
© EPLA, 2018
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