Volume 121, Number 5, March 2018
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics|
|Published online||25 April 2018|
Circular dichroism of magnetically induced transitions for D2 lines of alkali atoms
1 Institute for Physical Research, NAS of Armenia - Ashtarak-2, 0203 Armenia
2 Laboratoire Interdisciplinaire Carnot de Bourgogne, UMR CNRS 6303, Université Bourgogne-Franche-Comté BP 47870, 21078 Dijon Cedex, France
3 Department of Physics, University of Latvia - 19 Rainis Blvd., Riga LV-1586, Latvia
Received: 14 February 2018
Accepted: 30 March 2018
In this letter we study magnetic circular dichroism in alkali atoms exhibiting asymmetric behaviour of magnetically induced transitions. The magnetic field induces transitions between hyperfine levels of alkali atoms and in the range of magnetic field, the intensities of these transitions experience significant enhancement. We have inferred a general rule applicable for the D2 lines of all alkali atoms, that is the transition intensity enhancement is around four times larger for the case of than for excitation for , whereas it is several hundreds of thousand times larger in the case of than that for polarization for . This asymmetric behaviour results in circular dichroism. For experimental verification we employed half-wavelength-thick atomic vapor nanocells using a derivative of the selective reflection technique, which provides a sub-Doppler spectroscopic linewidth (). The presented theoretical curves well describe the experimental results. This effect can find applications particularly in parity violation experiments.
PACS: 32.60.+i – Zeeman and Stark effects / 07.55.Ge – Magnetometers for magnetic field measurements / 32.70.-n – Intensities and shapes of atomic spectral lines
© EPLA, 2018
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