Volume 121, Number 6, March 2018
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Condensed Matter: Structural, Mechanical and Thermal Properties|
|Published online||11 May 2018|
Two modes resonant combined motion for insect wings kinematics reproduction and lift generation
1 Univ. Valenciennes, CNRS, Univ. Lille, YNCREA, Centrale Lille, UMR 8520 - IEMN, DOAE F-59313 Valenciennes, France
2 Arts et Metiers ParisTech, LSIS - UMR 7296 - 8 boulevard Louis XIV, 59046 Lille, France
Received: 12 January 2018
Accepted: 20 April 2018
This paper presents an original concept using a two resonant vibration modes combined motion to reproduce insect wings kinematics and generate lift. The key issue is to design the geometry and the elastic characteristics of artificial wings such that a combination of flapping and twisting motions in a quadrature phase shift could be obtained. This qualitatively implies to bring the frequencies of the two resonant modes closer. For this purpose, a polymeric prototype was micromachined with a wingspan of 3 cm, flexible wings and a single actuator. An optimal wings configuration was determined with a modeling and validated through experimental modal analyses to verify the proximity of the two modes frequencies. A dedicated lift force measurement bench was developed and used to demonstrate a lift force equivalent to the prototype weight. Finally, at the maximum lift frequency, high-speed camera measurements confirmed a kinematics of the flexible wings with flapping and twisting motions in phase quadrature as expected.
PACS: 62.25.Jk – Mechanical modes of vibration / 46.40.Ff – Resonance, damping, and dynamic stability / 85.85.+j – Micro- and nano-electromechanical systems (MEMS/NEMS) and devices
© EPLA, 2018
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