Volume 122, Number 1, April 2018
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Electromagnetism, Optics, Acoustics, Heat Transfer, Classical Mechanics, and Fluid Dynamics|
|Published online||08 June 2018|
Presence of temporal dynamical instabilities in topological insulator lasers
1 Dipartimento di Fisica, Politecnico di Milano - Piazza L. da Vinci 32, I-20133 Milano, Italy
2 Istituto di Fotonica e Nanotecnlogie del Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, sezione di Milano Piazza L. da Vinci 32, I-20133 Milano, Italy
3 School of Applied Mathematical and Physical Science, National Technical University of Athens Athens 15780, Greece
4 Department of Physics, School of Science and Technology, Nazarbayev University Astana 010000, Republic of Kazakhstan
Received: 6 April 2018
Accepted: 16 May 2018
Topological insulator lasers are a newly introduced kind of lasers in which light snakes around a cavity without scattering. Like for an electron current in a topological insulator material, a topologically protected lasing mode travels along the cavity edge, steering neatly around corners and imperfections without scattering or leaking out. In a recent experiment, topological insulator lasers have been demonstrated using a square lattice of coupled semiconductor microring resonators with a synthetic magnetic field. However, laser arrays with slow population dynamics are likely to show dynamical instabilities in a wide range of parameter space corresponding to realistic experimental conditions, thus preventing stable laser operation. While topological insulator lasers provide an interesting mean for combating disorder and help collective oscillation of lasers at the edge of the lattice, it is not clear whether chiral edge states are immune to dynamical instabilities. In this work we consider a realistic model of semiconductor class-B topological insulator laser and show that chiral edge states are not immune to dynamical instabilities.
PACS: 42.60.Mi – Dynamical laser instabilities; noisy laser behavior / 42.55.Px – Semiconductor lasers; laser diodes / 03.65.Vf – Phases: geometric; dynamic or topological
© EPLA, 2018
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