Volume 122, Number 4, May 2018
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||02 July 2018|
Quantum non-locality co-exists with locality
Yerevan Physics Institute - 2 Alikhanian Brothers street, Yerevan 0036, Armenia
Received: 25 January 2018
Accepted: 28 May 2018
Quantum non-locality is normally defined via violations of Bell's inequalities that exclude certain classical hidden variable theories from explaining quantum correlations. Another definition of non-locality refers to the wave function collapse thereby one can prepare a quantum state from arbitrary far away. In both cases one can debate on whether non-locality is a real physical phenomenon, e.g., one can employ formulations of quantum mechanics that do not use collapse, or one can simply refrain from explaining quantum correlations via classical hidden variables. Here we point out that there is a non-local effect within quantum mechanics, i.e., without involving hidden variables or collapse. This effect is seen via imprecise (i.e., interval-valued) joint probability of two observables, which replaces the ill-defined notion of the precise joint probability for non-commuting observables. It is consistent with all requirements for the joint probability, e.g., those for commuting observales. The non-locality amounts to a fact that (in a two-particle system) the joint imprecise probability of non-commuting two-particle observables (i.e., tensor product of single-particle observables) does not factorize into single-particle contributions, even for uncorrelated states of the two-particle system. The factorization is recovered for a less precise (i.e., the one involving a wider interval) joint probability. This approach to non-locality reconciles it with locality, since the latter emerges as a less precise description.
PACS: 03.65.-w – Quantum mechanics / 03.67.-a – Quantum information
© EPLA, 2018
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