Volume 122, Number 6, June 2018
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Electromagnetism, Optics, Acoustics, Heat Transfer, Classical Mechanics, and Fluid Dynamics|
|Published online||20 July 2018|
Hermite-Gaussian–like soliton in the nonlocal nonlinear fractional Schrödinger equation
1 College of Electronic Science and Technology, Shenzhen University - Guangdong, 518060, China
2 School of Physics and Electronic Information, Shangrao Normal University - Jiangxi, 334000, China
3 Institute of Intelligent Information, Shenzhen University - Guangdong, 518060, China
4 College of Optoelectronic Engineering, Shenzhen University - Shenzhen 518060, China
Received: 19 March 2018
Accepted: 12 June 2018
The propagation of an optical beam in the nonlocal nonlinear fractional Schrödinger equation (NNFSE) was numerically investigated. The results reveal that the stability of beam propagation decreases as the Lévy index decreases in the local fractional case. However, the nonlocal response can effectively enhance the stability of beam propagation and leads to a completely stable solitons formation in the NNFSE. In addition, the shapes of fundamental mode solitons are determined by the Lévy indexes and nonlocalities. For the high-order solitons case, the shapes slightly vary with the change of nonlocality, but are strongly dependent on the Lévy index. Furthermore, the critical power of the stable soliton decreases as the Lévy index decreases since the decrease of the Lévy index will weaken the diffraction effect.
PACS: 42.65.Tg – Optical solitons; nonlinear guided waves / 05.45.Yv – Solitons / 42.25.Bs – Wave propagation, transmission and absorption
© EPLA, 2018
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