Volume 122, Number 6, June 2018
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Interdisciplinary Physics and Related Areas of Science and Technology|
|Published online||30 July 2018|
Delayed adaptation in stochastic metapopulation models*
Arnold Sommerfeld Center for Theoretical Physics and Center for NanoScience, Department of Physics, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München - Theresienstr. 37, D-80333 Munich, Germany
Received: 8 June 2018
Accepted: 5 July 2018
How does delayed fitnesses adaptation after local habitat changes affect survival of species metapopulation? We study this question in a two-species model system, where the species composition of a local patch determines the reference fitness of all its individuals. When individuals move, this local species composition changes. As the local environment on the patch might adapt slowly to this change, we assume that individuals in turn adapt their fitness with a stochastic delay. We show that the combination of delay and spatial substructure can yield significantly different phase diagrams for the survival of these species with respect to models with immediate response. We investigate this exemplarily for the case where the two species interact via an exoproduct: thus, our population consists of a slow-growing producer species and a fast-growing dominant species. We provide a conceptual understanding of the role of delay by presenting analytic results in the well-mixed and low-mobility limit. By studying intermediate mobilities numerically, we ensure that our results are robust, and may be relevant to different ecological situations as well as microbial metapopulation experiments.
PACS: 87.23.-n – Ecology and evolution / 87.10.Mn – Stochastic modeling / 87.10.Hk – Lattice models
© EPLA, 2018
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