Volume 123, Number 4, August 2018
|Number of page(s)
|21 September 2018
Non-linear relaxation of interacting bosons coherently driven on a narrow optical transition
1 Laboratoire Kastler Brossel, Collège de France, ENS-PSL Research University, Sorbonne Université, CNRS 11 place Marcelin-Berthelot, F-75005 Paris
2 Vienna Center for Quantum Science and Technology TU Wien Atominstitut - Stadionallee 2, A-1020 Vienna, Austria
3 FARO Scanner Production GmbH - Lingwiesenstrasse 11/2, D-70825 Korntal-Münchingen, Germany
4 Laboratoire PhLAM, Bt. P5 - USTL - F-59655 Villeneuve d'Ascq, France
Received: 14 June 2018
Accepted: 21 August 2018
We study the dynamics of a two-component Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) of 174Yb atoms coherently driven on a narrow optical transition. The excitation transfers the BEC to a superposition of states with different internal and momentum quantum numbers. We observe a crossover with decreasing driving strength between a regime of damped oscillations, where coherent driving prevails, and an incoherent regime, where relaxation takes over. Several relaxation mechanisms are involved: inelastic losses involving two excited atoms, leading to a non-exponential decay of populations; Doppler broadening due to the finite momentum width of the BEC and inhomogeneous elastic interactions, both leading to dephasing and to damping of the oscillations. We compare our observations to a two-component Gross-Pitaevskii (GP) model that fully includes these effects. For small or moderate densities, the damping of the oscillations is mostly due to Doppler broadening. In this regime, we find excellent agreement between the model and the experimental results. For higher densities, the role of interactions increases and so does the damping rate of the oscillations. The damping in the GP model is less pronounced than in the experiment, possibly a hint for many-body effects not captured by the mean-field description.
PACS: 03.75.Gg – Entanglement and decoherence in Bose-Einstein condensates / 67.85.De – Dynamic properties of condensates; excitations, and superfluid flow / 67.85.Fg – Multicomponent condensates; spinor condensates
© EPLA, 2018
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