Volume 123, Number 5, September 2018
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Interdisciplinary Physics and Related Areas of Science and Technology|
|Published online||02 October 2018|
AC-driven electro-osmotic flow in charged nanopores
1 Department of Engineering, Aarhus University - Hangøvej 2, 8200 Aarhus, Denmark
2 Wetsus, European Centre of Excellence for Sustainable Water Technology - Oostergoweg 9, 8911 MA Leeuwarden, The Netherlands
Received: 30 May 2018
Accepted: 3 September 2018
In this paper we report the theory describing the electro-osmotic flow in charged nanopores with constant radius and charge density driven by alternating current. We solve the ion and solution transport in unsteady conditions as described by the Navier-Stokes and Nernst-Planck equations considering the electrical potential inside the charged nanopore uniform in the radial direction (Uniform Potential model approximation). We derive the transport equation system in the case in which the pore is connected to two boundary diffusion layers and the cations and anions have different diffusion coefficients. This approach allows the theoretical description of the characteristic frequency dependence of the phase shift between the applied current density and the electro-osmotic flow. Additionally we show how the analysis of the dynamic response of the electro-osmotic coupling factor vs. the AC frequency allows us to quantify the apparent ion diffusion coefficient in membranes. Notably, the frequency window where the phase shift is predicted is well inside the commonly used sampling rate for electro-osmotic flow experiments Hz, hence the proposed method can be useful to determine the apparent diffusion coefficient of ions (such as redox complex for flow batteries) in charged membranes.
PACS: 82.45.Mp – Thin layers, films, monolayers, membranes / 82.80.Fk – Electrochemical methods
© EPLA, 2018
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