Volume 123, Number 6, September 2018
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Physics of Gases, Plasmas and Electric Discharges|
|Published online||24 October 2018|
Alfvénic turbulence driven temperature anisotropies of thermal non-equilibrium ions
1 Institute of Fusion Science, School of Physical Science and Technology, Southwest Jiaotong University Chengdu, 610041, China
2 Physics Department, Sichuan University - Chengdu, 610041, China
Received: 1 April 2018
Accepted: 20 September 2018
Kasper et al. have found that solar-wind helium could be heated to be nearly 7 times hotter than hydrogen on average from the observation of the Wind spacecraft. The stochastic Fermi mechanism is employed to investigate this phenomenon via the ion-cyclotron resonant process (Kasper J. C. et al., Phys. Rev. Lett., 110 (2013) 091102). Due to strong ion cyclotron resonances caused by counterpropagating Alfvén waves, the helium could be thermalized to be 7 times hotter than hydrogen. In this paper, a new aspect, the non-resonant interaction between thermal non-equilibrium particles and turbulent Alfvén waves, is utilized to illustrate the above observation analytically and numerically. The result of our model is broadly consistent with the observational result. Additionally, this paper predicts that the various temperature anisotropies of ions may exist in the solar-wind core which different thermal non-equilibrium factors lead to. This work builds up a close relation among non-resonant heating of thermal non-equilibrium ions, differential flow, and temperature anisotropy.
PACS: 52.35.Mw – Nonlinear phenomena: waves, wave propagation, and other interactions (including parametric effects, mode coupling, ponderomotive effects, etc.) / 52.35.Bj – Magnetohydrodynamic waves (e.g., Alfven waves)
© EPLA, 2018
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