Volume 124, Number 4, November 2018
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Published online||14 December 2018|
Estimation of entanglement negativity of a two-qubit quantum system with two measurements
Delhi Technological University, Shahbad Daulatpur - Main Bawana Road, Delhi-110042, India
Received: 11 September 2018
Accepted: 20 November 2018
Numerous work had been done to quantify the entanglement of a two-qubit quantum state, but it can be seen that previous works were based on joint measurements on two copies or more than two copies of the quantum state under consideration. In this work, we show that a single copy and two measurements are enough to estimate the entanglement quantifier like entanglement negativity and concurrence. To achieve our goal, we establish a relationship between the entanglement negativity and the minimum eigenvalue of the structural physical approximation of the partial transpose of an arbitrary two-qubit state. The derived relation makes it possible to estimate entanglement negativity experimentally by Hong-Ou-Mandel interferometry with only two detectors. Also, we derive the upper bound of the concurrence of an arbitrary two-qubit state and have shown that the upper bound can be realized in experiment. We will further show that the concurrence of i) an arbitrary pure two-qubit state and ii) a particular class of mixed states, namely, rank-2 quasi-distillable mixed states, can be exactly estimated with two measurements.
PACS: 03.67.Hk – Quantum communication / 03.67.-a – Quantum information
© EPLA, 2018
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