Volume 125, Number 1, January 2019
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Interdisciplinary Physics and Related Areas of Science and Technology|
|Published online||30 January 2019|
Triadic time series motifs
1 Department of Finance, East China University of Science and Technology - Shanghai 200237, China
2 Research Center for Econophysics, East China University of Science and Technology - Shanghai 200237, China
3 Department of Mathematics, East China University of Science and Technology - Shanghai 200237, China
Received: 15 October 2018
Accepted: 2 January 2019
We introduce the concept of time series motifs for time series analysis. Time series motifs consider not only the spatial information of mutual visibility but also the temporal information of relative magnitude between the data points. We study the profiles of the six triadic time series motifs. The six motif occurrence frequencies are derived for uncorrelated time series, which are approximately linear functions of the length of the time series. The corresponding motif profile thus converges to a constant vector. These analytical results have been verified by numerical simulations. For fractional Gaussian noises, numerical simulations unveil the nonlinear dependence of motif occurrence frequencies on the Hurst exponent. Applications of the time series motif analysis uncover that the motif occurrence frequency distributions are able to capture the different dynamics in the heartbeat rates of healthy subjects, congestive heart failure (CHF) subjects, and atrial fibrillation (AF) subjects and in the price fluctuations of bullish and bearish markets. Our method shows its potential power to classify different types of time series and test the time irreversibility of time series.
PACS: 89.20.-a – Interdisciplinary applications of physics / 89.75.Da – Systems obeying scaling laws / 05.45.Tp – Time series analysis
© EPLA, 2019
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