Volume 125, Number 3, February 2019
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Published online||08 March 2019|
Elko under spatial rotations
1 Centre for the Studies of the Glass Bead Game Chaugon - Bir, Himachal Pradesh 176 077, India
2 Department of Biochemistry and Tissue Biology, State University of Campinas - São Paulo 13083-859, Brazil
Received: 20 November 2018
Accepted: 8 February 2019
Under a rotation by an angle ϑ, both the right- and left-handed Weyl spinors pick up a phase factor . The upper sign holds for the positive helicity spinors, while the lower sign holds for the negative helicity spinors. For radians this produces the famous minus sign. However, the four-component spinors are built from a direct sum of the indicated two-component spinors. The effect of the rotation by radians on the eigenspinors of the parity – that is, the Dirac spinors – is the same as on Weyl spinors. It is because for these spinors the right- and left-transforming components have the same helicity. And the rotation-induced phases, being the same, factor out. But for the eigenspinors of the charge conjugation operator, i.e., Elko, the left- and right-transforming components have opposite helicities, and, therefore, they pick up opposite phases. As a consequence the behaviour of the eigenspinors of the charge conjugation operator (Elko) is more subtle: for a self-conjugate spinor becomes a linear combination of the self- and antiself-conjugate spinors with ϑ -dependent superposition coefficients –and yet the rotation preserves the self-/antiself-conjugacy of these spinors! This apparently paradoxical situation is fully resolved. This new effect, to the best of our knowledge, has never been reported before. The purpose of this communication is to present this result and to correct an interpretational error of a previous version.
PACS: 04.20.Gz – Spacetime topology, causal structure, spinor structure / 03.65.Vf – Phases: geometric; dynamic or topological
© EPLA, 2019
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