Volume 125, Number 4, February 2019
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Electromagnetism, Optics, Acoustics, Heat Transfer, Classical Mechanics, and Fluid Dynamics|
|Published online||13 March 2019|
Evidence for wind-induced Ekman layer resonance based on rotating tank experiments
1 MTA-ELTE Theoretical Physics Research Group - Pázmány Péter s. 1/A, H-1117 Budapest, Hungary
2 von Kármán Laboratory for Environmental Flows, Eötvös University - Pázmány Péter s. 1/A, H-1117 Budapest, Hungary
3 Department of Numerical Fluid and Gas Dynamics, Brandenburg University of Technology (BTU) Cottbus-Senftenberg - Cottbus 03046, Germany
4 LEGI, Université Grenoble Alpes, CNRS - CS 40700, 38058 Grenoble Cedex 9, France
5 Department of Solar Energy and Environmental Physics, Blaustein Institutes for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev - Sede Boqer Campus 84990, Sede Boqer, Israel
Received: 13 November 2018
Accepted: 4 February 2019
The temporal variability of wind stress acting on the ocean surface may have a significant impact on the energy transfer between the surface ocean and the abyssal ocean. In particular, the surface ocean layer is expected to deepen when the wind's frequency matches the inertial (Coriolis) frequency, through “Ekman layer resonance”. Here, we report on laboratory experiments conducted in the large circular rotating tank of the LEGI Coriolis platform (13 m in diameter and 0.5 m in depth) to investigate the effect of oscillating horizontal shear imposed at the water surface. The analysis of the flow structure by means of particle image velocimetry (PIV) reveals a resonant thickening of the top Ekman layer and a marked increase in the kinetic energy of the flow occurs when the forcing frequency coincides with the Coriolis frequency of the rotating tank. The findings are in agreement with the theoretical expectations and constitute evidence for the existence of the Ekman layer resonance (or near inertial resonance) phenomenon in an ocean-like configuration.
PACS: 47.32.Ef – Rotating and swirling flows / 92.10.A- – Circulation and currents / 92.10.Ei – Coriolis effects
© EPLA, 2019
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