Volume 125, Number 6, March 2019
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Interdisciplinary Physics and Related Areas of Science and Technology|
|Published online||02 May 2019|
Scaling theory of giant frictional slips in decompressed granular media
1 Department of Chemical Physics, The Weizmann Institute of Science - Rehovot 76100, Israel
2 The Niels Bohr International Academy, University of Copenhagen - Blegdamsvej 17, DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
Received: 4 October 2018
Accepted: 16 March 2019
When compressed frictional granular media are decompressed, generically a fragile configuration is created at low pressures. Typically this is accompanied by a giant frictional slippage as the fragile state collapses. We show that this instability is understood in terms of a scaling theory with theoretically computable amplitudes and exponents. The amplitude diverges in the thermodynamic limit hinting to the possibility of huge frictional slip events in decompressed granular media. The physics of this slippage is discussed in terms of the probability distribution functions of the tangential and normal forces on the grains which are highly correlated due to the Coulomb condition.
PACS: 83.80.Fg – Granular solids / 45.70.-n – Granular systems / 89.75.Da – Systems obeying scaling laws
© EPLA, 2019
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