Volume 126, Number 1, April 2019
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||20 May 2019|
Scarring in open chaotic systems: The local density of states
Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Jiangsu University - Zhenjiang 212013, China
Received: 7 February 2019
Accepted: 12 April 2019
Chaotic Hamiltonians are known to follow Random Matrix Theory (RMT) ensembles in the apparent randomness of their spectra and wave function statistics. Deviations from RMT also do occur, however, due to system-specific properties, or as quantum signatures of classical chaos. Scarring, for instance, is the enhancement of wave function intensity near classical periodic orbits, and it can be characterized by a local density of states (or local spectrum) that clearly deviates from RMT expectations, by exhibiting a peaked envelope, which has been described semiclassically. Here, the system is connected to an opening, the local density of states is introduced for the resulting non-Hermitian chaotic Hamiltonian, and estimated a priori in terms of the Green's function of the closed system and the open channels. The predictions obtained are tested on quantum maps coupled both to a single-channel opening and to a Fresnel-type continuous opening. The main outcome is that strong coupling to the opening gradually suppresses the energy dependence of the local density of states due to scarring, and restores RMT behavior.
PACS: 05.45.Mt – Quantum chaos; semiclassical methods / 03.65.Yz – Decoherence; open systems; quantum statistical methods / 42.60.Da – Resonators, cavities, amplifiers, arrays, and rings
© EPLA, 2019
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