Volume 126, Number 4, May 2019
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||27 June 2019|
Pulling cargo increases the precision of molecular motor progress
1 Department of Physics, Simon Fraser University - Burnaby, BC, V5A1S6 Canada
2 Department of Physics, University of California, San Diego - San Diego, CA 92093, USA
Received: 19 March 2019
Accepted: 21 May 2019
Biomolecular motors use free energy to drive a variety of cellular tasks, including the transport of cargo, such as vesicles and organelles. We find that the widely used “constant-force” approximation for the effect of cargo on motor dynamics leads to a much larger variance of motor step number compared to explicitly modeling diffusive cargo, suggesting the constant-force approximation may be misapplied in some cases. We also find that, with cargo, motor progress is significantly more precise than suggested by a recent result. For cargo with a low relative diffusivity, the dynamics of continuous cargo motion —rather than discrete motor steps— dominate, leading to a new, more permissive bound on the precision of motor progress which is independent of the number of stages per motor cycle.
PACS: 05.70.Ln – Nonequilibrium and irreversible thermodynamics / 05.40.-a – Fluctuation phenomena, random processes, noise, and Brownian motion / 87.16.Wd – Intracellular trafficking
© EPLA, 2019
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