Volume 127, Number 3, August 2019
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Condensed Matter: Electronic Structure, Electrical, Magnetic and Optical Properties|
|Published online||18 September 2019|
The magneto-optics in quantum wires comprised of vertically stacked quantum dots: A calling for the magnetoplasmon qubits
Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rice University - P.O. Box 1892, Houston, TX 77251, USA
Received: 20 April 2019
Accepted: 2 August 2019
A deeper sense of advantages over the planar quantum dots and the foreseen applications in the single-electron devices and quantum computation have given vertically stacked quantum dots (VSQD) a width of interest. Here, we embark on the collective excitations in a quantum wire made up of vertically stacked, self-assembled InAs/GaAs quantum dots in the presence of an applied magnetic field in the symmetric gauge. We compute and illustrate the influence of an applied magnetic field on the behavior characteristics of the density of states, Fermi energy, and collective (magnetoplasmon) excitations (obtained within the framework of random-phase approximation (RPA)). The Fermi energy is observed to oscillate as a function of the Bloch vector. Remarkably, the intersubband single-particle continuum splits into two with a collective excitation propagating within the gap. This is attributed to the (orbital) quantum number owing to the applied magnetic field. Strikingly, the alteration in the well and barrier widths can enable us to customize the excitation spectrum in the desired energy range. These findings demonstrate, for the very first time, the viability and importance of studying the VSQD subjected to an applied magnetic field. The technological promise that emerges is the route to devices exploiting magnetoplasmon qubits as the potential option in designing quantum gates for the quantum communication networks.
PACS: 73.21.-b – Electron states and collective excitations in multilayers, quantum wells, mesoscopic, and nanoscale systems / 73.63.-b – Electronic transport in nanoscale materials and structures / 75.47.-m – Magnetotransport phenomena; materials for magnetotransport
© EPLA, 2019
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