Volume 127, Number 5, September 2019
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Electromagnetism, Optics, Acoustics, Heat Transfer, Classical Mechanics, and Fluid Dynamics|
|Published online||16 October 2019|
The collective behaviour of ensembles of condensing liquid drops on heterogeneous inclined substrates
1 Institut für Theoretische Physik, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster - Wilhelm Klemm Str. 9, 48149 Münster, Germany
2 Center of Nonlinear Science (CeNoS), Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster - Corrensstr. 2, 48149 Münster, Germany
3 Center for Multiscale Theory and Computation (CMTC), Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität - Corrensstr. 40, 48149 Münster, Germany
Received: 26 January 2019
Accepted: 3 September 2019
Employing a long-wave mesoscopic hydrodynamic model for the film height evolution we study ensembles of pinned and sliding drops of a volatile liquid that continuously condense onto a chemically heterogeneous inclined substrate. Our analysis combines, on the one hand, path continuation techniques to determine bifurcation diagrams for the depinning of single drops of nonvolatile liquid on single hydrophilic spots on a partially wettable substrate and, on the other hand, time simulations of growth and depinning of individual condensing drops as well as of the long-time behaviour of large ensembles of such drops. Pinned drops grow on the hydrophilic spots, depin and slide along the substrate while merging with other pinned drops and smaller drops that slide more slowly, and possibly undergo a pearling instability. As a result, the collective behaviour converges to a stationary state where condensation and outflow balance. The main features of the emerging drop size distribution can then be related to single-drop bifurcation diagrams.
PACS: 47.55.df – Breakup and coalescence / 47.20.Ky – Nonlinearity, bifurcation, and symmetry breaking / 68.15.+e – Liquid thin films
© EPLA, 2019
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