Volume 127, Number 6, September 2019
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Published online||04 November 2019|
Bimodality and scaling in recurrence networks from ECG data
Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) Tirupati - Tirupati-517507, India
Received: 1 August 2019
Accepted: 23 September 2019
Human heart is a complex system that can be studied using its electrical activity recorded as Electrocardiogram (ECG). Any variations or anomalies in the ECG can indicate abnormalities in the cardiac dynamics. In this work, we present a detailed analysis of ECG data using the framework of recurrence networks (RNs). We show how the measures of the recurrence networks constructed from ECG data sets, can quantify the complexity and variability underlying the data. Our study shows for the first time that the RNs from ECG show the unique feature of bimodality in their degree distribution. We relate this to the complex dynamics underlying the cardiac system, with structures at two spatial scales. We also show that there is relevant information to be extracted from the scaling of measures with recurrence threshold ε. Thus we observe two scaling regions in the link density for ECG data which are compared with scaling in RNs from standard chaotic and hyperchaotic systems and noise. While both bimodality and scaling are common features of RNs from all types of ECG data, we find that disease specific variations in them can be quantified.
PACS: 05.45.Tp – Time series analysis / 64.60.aq – Networks / 05.45.-a – Nonlinear dynamics and chaos
© EPLA, 2019
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