Volume 127, Number 6, September 2019
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Condensed Matter: Electronic Structure, Electrical, Magnetic and Optical Properties|
|Published online||07 November 2019|
Topological phase transition based on the attractive Hubbard model
1 Center for Quantum Transport and Thermal Energy Science, School of Physics and Technology, Nanjing Normal University - Nanjing 210023, China
2 School of Electronic Engineering, Nanjing Xiaozhuang University - Nanjing 211171, China
3 College of Science, Hohai University - Nanjing 210098, China
Received: 24 July 2019
Accepted: 26 September 2019
We theoretically investigate the effect of an attractive on-site interaction on the two-band magnetic Dirac fermion model based on a square-lattice system. When the attractive fermion interaction is taken into account by the mean-field approximation, a phase diagram is obtained, furthermore it is found that a quantum phase transition from a band insulator state to the quantum anomalous Hall state occurs with increasing attractive interaction. For an existing quantum anomalous Hall state, the attractive interaction enlarges its nontrivial band gap and makes the topological edge states more localized, which protects the transport of linear-dispersive edge states against finite-size and further disorder effects.
PACS: 73.43.Nq – Quantum phase transitions / 73.22.-f – Electronic structure of nanoscale materials and related systems / 71.70.-d – Level splitting and interactions
© EPLA, 2019
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