Volume 128, Number 1, October 2019
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Published online||20 November 2019|
Effects of pulse profile on electron-positron pair creation
1 State Key Laboratory for Geomechanics and Deep Underground Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology - Beijing 100083, China
2 Department of Physcics, China University of Mining and Technology - Beijing 100083, China
Received: 14 May 2019
Accepted: 13 September 2019
We study the effects of the pulse profiles on electron-positron pair creation. Three localized time-dependent pulses, i.e., Sauter pulse, Gaussian pulse and cosine pulse, are studied through several proposals. The non-monochromatic pulse (Sauter or Gaussian pulse) creates more pairs than the monochromatic pulse (cosine pulse). To investigate the creation process, the relationship between the maximum pair number and the final pair number (which is called retracement) is analysed. The results show that the Gaussian pulse gives the smallest re-annihilation rate because the annihilation mostly happen in the high-energy region where less pairs are created, while the low-energy pairs mostly annihilate in the cosine case. The optimal pulse profiles, which maximize the total pair creation number, are found in three cases. Furthermore, an additional static field enhances the pair creation for all pusles. The optimal field parameters of the combination fields are calculated out.
PACS: 03.65.Pm – Relativistic wave equations / 03.65.Ta – Foundations of quantum mechanics; measurement theory
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