Volume 128, Number 1, October 2019
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Electromagnetism, Optics, Acoustics, Heat Transfer, Classical Mechanics, and Fluid Dynamics|
|Published online||25 November 2019|
Pre-buckled states of a stretched sheet with an elliptic hole
Université de Lyon, Ecole Normale Supérieure de Lyon, Université Claude Bernard, CNRS, Laboratoire de Physique F-69342 Lyon, France
Received: 18 June 2019
Accepted: 8 October 2019
It is well known that an annular sheet could wrinkle as a result of axisymmetric tensile loads applied at the edges. In this system, regions under compression appear due to Poisson effect in the azimuthal direction yielding an incompatible excess in length, so that the sheet has to buckle out of the plane. Then, radial wrinkles emerge following the direction of the tensile principal stress. This so-called Lamé configuration has been widely used as theoretical and experimental paradigms for wrinkling instabilities. In this work, we explore the consequences of changing the geometry of this model configuration by considering an elliptic hole in an infinite stretched sheet. Using the Kolosoff-Inglis solution, we analyse the stress field around the hole and identify three possible regions: taut, unidirectionally tensioned and slack regions. According to these definitions, we classify in a phase diagram the different stress states of the sheet as a function of the hole eccentricity and of the applied tensions. Finally, we quantify how the tension lines vary with the geometry of the hole and discuss possible outcomes on the emerging buckled patterns.
PACS: 46.32.+x – Static buckling and instability / 87.10.Pq – Elasticity theory / 46.70.De – Beams, plates, and shells
© EPLA, 2019
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