Volume 128, Number 2, October 2019
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||17 December 2019|
Mass-dimension-one fermions and their gravitational interaction
1 Instituto de Física e Química, Universidade Federal de Itajubá - IFQ (UNIFEI) - Av. BPS 1303, CEP 37500-903, Itajubá- MG, Brazil
2 Departamento de Física e Química, Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP) - Guaratinguetá-SP, Brazil
3 AHEP Group, Institut de Física Corpuscular (CSIC-Universitat de València), Parc Cientific de Paterna C/Catedratico José Beltrán, 2, E-46980 Paterna (València), Spain
4 Departamento de Física, Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP) - Diadema-SP, Brazil
Received: 27 September 2019
Accepted: 28 October 2019
We investigate in detail the interaction between the spin-(1/2) field endowed with mass dimension one and the graviton. We obtain an interaction vertex that combines the characteristics of scalar-graviton and Dirac's fermion-graviton vertices, due to the scalar-dynamic attribute and the fermionic structure of the mass-dimension-one field. It is shown that this vertex obeys the Ward-Takahashi identity, ensuring the gauge invariance for the interaction. In the contribution of the mass-dimension-one fermion to the graviton propagator at one-loop level, we found the conditions for the cancellation of the tadpole term by a cosmological counterterm. We calculate the scattering process for arbitrary momentum. For low energies, the result reveals that only the scalar sector present in the vertex contributes to the gravitational potential. Finally, we evaluate the non-relativistic limit of the gravitational interaction and obtain an attractive Newtonian potential, as required for a dark-matter candidate.
PACS: 03.50.-z – Classical field theories / 04.62.+v – Quantum fields in curved spacetime / 04.30.Db – Wave generation and sources
© EPLA, 2019
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