Volume 128, Number 4, November 2019
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Published online||04 February 2020|
Capillary condensation in an active bath
Institut für Theoretische Physik, Technische Universität Berlin - Hardenbergstraße 36, D-10623 Berlin, Germany
Received: 27 August 2019
Accepted: 3 December 2019
We study capillary condensation in a bath of active Brownian particles (ABPs) and the forces acting on the capillary close to the motility-induced phase separation (MIPS). The capillary is modelled as two parallel rods, which are fixed in space. We consider a bath of ABPs having a self-propulsion speed much larger than the critical speed necessary for MIPS to occur. We gradually increase the packing fraction of ABPs, starting from a dilute phase of ABPs and going towards the binodal of MIPS. In stark contrast to conventional capillary condensation, we do not observe any hysteresis in the capillary packing fraction and attribute this to strong temporal fluctuations in . Depending on the packing fraction of ABPs and capillary width, we find that the effective force between the capillary rods can be either attractive or repulsive. In fact, with increasing width it shows damped oscillations as long as capillary condensation occurs. We analyze them in detail by studying the distribution of particle distances from the inner and outer wall of the capillary, respectively. In addition, we examine the capillary in the active bath close to the critical point. We do not observe signs of the presence of long-range Casimir interactions.
PACS: 05.10.Gg – Stochastic analysis methods (Fokker-Planck, Langevin, etc.) / 05.40.-a – Fluctuation phenomena, random processes, noise, and Brownian motion / 87.10.Mn – Stochastic modeling
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