Volume 128, Number 5, December 2019
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Electromagnetism, Optics, Acoustics, Heat Transfer, Classical Mechanics, and Fluid Dynamics|
|Published online||30 January 2020|
Optical analog of particle production in gravitational fields
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Maryland - College Park, MD 20742, USA
Received: 21 October 2019
Accepted: 14 December 2019
A strong enough electric field is predicted to spontaneously create electron-positron pairs in vacuum via the Schwinger effect. A somewhat similar effect is predicted to occur in sufficiently strong inhomogeneous gravitational fields. However, due to the necessity of very large field strength, these effects were never observed in the experiment. Here we demonstrate that optical analogs of very strong gravitational fields (up to ) and very strong gravitational field gradients (up to ) may be created in electromagnetic metamaterial waveguides, leading to an optical analog of particle production in gravitational fields. Such waveguide geometries may also potentially be used to search for axion-like particles weakly interacting with an electromagnetic field.
PACS: 42.50.Ct – Quantum description of interaction of light and matter; related experiments / 04.80.Cc – Experimental tests of gravitational theories / 14.80.Va – Axions and other Nambu-Goldstone bosons (Majorons, familons, etc.)
© EPLA, 2020
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